Poetry is one of the most famous forms of literature in history. It has been used for centuries to express ideas, emotions, and thoughts to varying audiences through a collection of short lyric poems. The works produced by famous poets often became accepted as cultural touchstones by society at large. They have had a profound influence on world literature and Western art. India has contributed many great aspects to world culture and it is no surprise that important parts of Indian culture. And were shaped by these poets’ works which were translated into English or other languages over time. Let’s talk about some famous poets from India.
In India, many famous poets have proved themselves to be classics and were given awards for their musicality within the art form of poetry. The following is a list of famous Indian poets that are widely read today.
#1 Kamala Das
Kamala Das was born on November 16, 1944, in Calcutta, West Bengal. She is a popular Bengali-language poet of the 20th century. In 1966 she won the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award for her poetry collection “Chaturanga” and in 1979 she won another three times consecutively. Her first poetry collection was “Nando Pran Koner Koye O Shubha” published in 1965 which has been translated into English by an American poet Charles Willemen as “The Moonstone” in 1971.
Gulzar was born on January 24, 1934, in Sialkot, Punjab, Pakistan as Surinder Singh Gulzar. He is a famous Indian poet and lyricist who has written in the Punjabi, Hindi, and Urdu languages. In 1965 he released his first collection of poems “Dwelling in the Heart” which became a critical success and contained works like “Pigeons”, “Kalaachand Ki Katha” and “The Day Moon”. He made his film debut with Manmohan Desai’s “Gumnaam” (1965) as a lyricist.
#3 Mahadevi Verma
Mahadevi Verma was born on February 13, 1917, in Bhopal, Central India as Shubhangi Sharma. She is a Hindi and Sanskrit language popular poet of the 20th century. In 1943 she release her first collection “Rootha naai sunshine” which was awarded by Sahitya Akademi and became a big commercial success. Her second collection “Amrit Prem” (1944) was written in free verse and has a colloquial style to it. She has written many novels but is mostly remembered for her poetry.
#4 Sarojini Naidu
Sarojini Naidu was born on February 13th, 1879 in Hyderabad, Deccan as Margaret Cilento. She is a famous Indian poet and freedom fighter who wrote in the English language. In 1906 she became the first woman president of the Indian National Congress and was one of the most prominent women leaders during India’s struggle for independence. Her first poetry collection “The Golden Threshold” (1905) discussed her love for India and her disgust with British rule. Her other works include “The Bird of Time: Poems and Lyrics” (1916), “The Parrot’s Training: Poems Based on the Nativity” (1920), and “The Broken Wing.
#5 Rabindra Nath Tagore
Rabindranath Tagore was born on August 7th, 1861 in Calcutta, Bengal as the 7th child of his father Debendranath Tagore. He was a Bengali poet who was the most popular poet of India. His poetry is often counted with Indian nationalism and his verse works were appreciated all over the world by poets like WB Yeats. His work “Gitanjali” (1914) contained many poems but the best known of them is “Jana Gana Mana” (“Songs of India”) and “Chowringhee Bells”.
#6 Harivansh Rai Bachchan
Harivansh Rai Bachchan was born on November 4, 1935, in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh as the fourth child of his mother Shikha Rai. He is a Hindi film actor and has won many awards for acting roles such as “Shaheed”, “Devdas” and “Shararat”. He won his first Filmfare award for Best Supporting Actor in 1955. Although he has acted in many films his best-known works are “Saagar” (1971), “Shool” (1977), and “Seeta Aur Geeta” (1982).
Kabir was born on December 14, 1440 in Allahabad, UP as the son of Lal Bakri. He is a Hindi poet and popular religious figure who influenced poetry and music all over the world. His works have been translated into many languages including English, Spanish, and Urdu. His best-known work “Govindranath” (1489) discusses the nature of God.
#8 Amir Khusrow
Amir Khusrow was born on the 25th of April 1320 in Delhi, India. He is a famous Indian poet and musician who write in the Persian language and was greatly influenced by Sufi culture. Some of his best-known works include “Risala-i-Amir Khusrow” (1353) which contains poems discussing God and religion as well as “Khazainul Futuh” (1374) which contains some stories on Sufi saints.
#9 Sri Aurobindo Ghosh
Sri Aurobindo Ghosh was born on August 15, 1872, in Kolkata, Bengal as the son of a lawyer. He is a famous Indian poet and mystic who wrote in the English language. In 1968 he published “The Human Cycle” which consists of poetry but his best-known work was his epic poem “Savitri” (1910-1922). This work is on a character named Savitri who is modelle upon his wife and depicts the transformation of individual consciousness into cosmic consciousness through love.
Kalidas was born on 6th July, 599 in the Malwa region. He is a famous Indian poet who wrote in the Sanskrit language and is best for his work “Abhijnana Shakuntala”. In this work, the story of a beautiful girl Shakuntala is written and her love story with King Dushyant. He was one of the most Famous Poets In India in Indian history.
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