Water is everywhere. It’s essential to living things, but it can also be dangerous. There are many different types of water. Some are more common than others, while some are extremely rare and unique to only one area of the world! Learn all about what you should know about water below.
#1 Sea Water
Seawater is saltier than the ocean waters that surround most landmasses on Earth because of runoff brine discharges from coastal areas, particularly in the northern hemisphere winter when sea ice melts and releases salt into the surrounding ocean waters. Very high mineral concentrations are found in seawater due to the presence of minerals in rocks on land, which are carried down into the ocean during floods.
#2 River Water
River water is slightly less salty than seawater because it carries less salt from where it came from, but not enough to change its salinity considerably. The river water is also comparatively fresh due to its low velocity, comparatively low density, and comparatively low concentration of dissolved solids. The main reason drivers are not particularly salty is that the flow rate of the river is higher than the rate of evaporation, so most of the rainclouds which drift across mountains quickly wash away any salt particles caught on their surfaces.
#3 Ground water
Groundwater is where water is found deep in the earth’s crust. It’s very difficult to access because it’s usually too deep to dig in, but there are two types of groundwater: subterranean, found thousands of feet below the surface, and shallow groundwater. This groundwater comes up through cracks or fissures in the rocks or through underground streams which connect with watercourses on the surface.
Minerals are naturally occurring substances that are solid at room temperature and have a specific chemical composition. These minerals are very crucial for living things because they provide the necessary material that the body needs to function properly. Minerals are found in the ground and water and must be ingested to be used by the body.
Ice is frozen water. There are different types of ice, but they’re all frozen H2O. It’s common throughout the world. When large bodies of water freeze into ice it makes sea ice, otherwise known as floating ice because it is not attached to the land or other objects underwater, so it floats on the surface of the body of water it was formed on.
Ice can also form when super-cooled liquid droplets come into contact with a solid object like a tree branch or building which causes the liquid to freeze on contact. If you’re in a place that gets a lot of snow, you might know snow ice. Snow ice is when snow falls and freezes on the ground. Snow ice is commonly used when people want to make huge snowmen or for snowboarding.
Frost is when water vapor in the air comes in contact with something cool like grass, trees, or even people and turns into ice crystals; it’s basically “frozen dew”. If temperatures are cold enough, frost will form on contact with any surface that has water vapor in the air like windowpanes and mirrors. When the air is cold enough, ice crystals may form around or within the hairs on your head.
#7 Ocean Water
Ocean water is dark blue, because of the presence of many dissolved particles in seawater. Although some people confuse ocean water with blood plasma, ocean water is saltier than blood plasma because it contains more dissolved particles. There are also living things in the ocean that help break down some of the particles so that their concentration is lower.
#8 Salt water
Saltwater is what you get when you mix coarse salt with fresh water. The term “saltwater” is typically used to describe water that is salty to some degree and that lies near the ocean or a similar saline water body. The absorption of atmospheric moisture by seawater makes it considerably denser than pure water. This salinity causes the freezing point of seawater to be about 3.6 degrees Celsius lower than that of pure water. Some molecules present in saltwater contain nitrogen, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms that come from the air rather than from living things.
Saline is a mixture of salt and any other substance dissolved in water. The salt content usually distinguishes saline from other types of solutions. When something has a high saline content, it means it’s very salty.
Aquatic organisms or organisms that live in watery environments are called aquatic organisms. They are found in water, on land, and the surface of the Earth. If an organism lives both on land and in water, like some frogs, it is called an amphibian.
#11 Sparkling water
You may have heard of it as “carbonated water.” In simple terms, carbonated water is the result of adding carbon dioxide to plain old still water. It’s used as a mixer for alcoholic drinks, or as a substitute for sugary sodas. Or it can be enjoyed on its own as a refreshing drink that packs a lot more fizz than plain old H2O!
#12 Distilled water
If you’re drinking distilled water, you’ll need to drink more than you usually would. That’s because distilled water will not contain the same minerals that are in tap water which act as thirst quenchers. Minerals like calcium and magnesium keep your blood pressure steady and regulate the amount of sodium in your blood. Mineral-rich liquids also help maintain healthy bones, teeth, muscles, and joints. Your body needs these types of minerals every day but it does not need any type of chemicals which are found in many consumer products today.
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